Lexis, lexeme and lemma Lexis, lexeme and lemma are the technical terms used in the syntax which is the core branch of linguistics. Lexis Lexis is another term that is used to refer to the vocabulary. In syntax, this technical term means all the list of words or vocabulary in a language. So, basically, lexis can be a synonym of vocabulary. The term “lexis” is a technical one whereas “vocabulary” is a general term for the list of all words. Lexeme A lexeme is any form of a head word that is related it as a UNIT OF MEANING. Therefore, when you refer to the lexeme, you are actually referring to a form of a word that is semantically related. For example, write, writes, wrote, writing are the forms the word “write”. Lemma Lemma is also related ...[Read More]
Speech Act Theory of Pragmatics Speech Act Theory in pragmatics states that language is the tool of getting things done in the real world. You do something or perform a task when someone asks you to. For example, if your friends asks you to turn the light on, you would go and turn the button on. So, you have performed an action- an action that was carried out with the help of language. This theory was presented by J. L. Austin, who was a philosopher, in his book “How to Do Things with Words”. which consists of three types of acts; locutionary illocutionary perlocutionary Later, John Searl described and categorized these speech acts into five (or six) types that are based on what kind of meaning is conveyed. These are; Representative Declaratives Commisives Directives Ex...[Read More]
Introduction to Anthropological Linguistics Anthropological linguistics is a sub-branch, but not core field, of linguistics. It is concerned with studying the relationship between human language and their cultures. It emerged as an interdisciplinary field out of the relation between linguistics and anthropology. Anthropological linguistics is contrasted with linguistic anthropology which is a branch of anthropology.