Schumann’s Acculturation Model

Schumann’s Acculturation Model The Acculturation Model was developed by John H. Schumann in 1978. It is model of second language acquisition, which is based on the social psychology of acculturation. This model holds that there are social and psychological variables that combine into a single one, acculturation. Learners learn the target language while they acculturate the group of the target language. Therefore, the social distance factor matters a lot in this model or view of second language acquisition. According to this model, the more a person is in proximity with the culture of the target language the more he/she will be likely to be proficient in that target language. Similarly, if a person has less contact with the culture of the target language, he/she is less likely able to be pr...[Read More]

Krashen’s Input Hypothesis

Stephen Krashen developed the Input Hypothesis in the 1970s. This model was developed in the wake of Chomsky’s UG. In the beginning Krashen named it “Monitor Model”. He named it “Input Hypothesis” later on. Krashen’s model is said to be based on the notion that there are two systems for learners of second language acquisition. The first is acquisition and the second is learning. So the learned system in this situation acts as a monitor. Following pictures shows Krashen’s model. The Five Hypotheses 1. First Hypothesis In fact, Krashen’s model consists of five hypotheses. This first hypothesis acquisition learning hypothesis. This hypothesis holds that there are different ways for the learners to get competence. For example, one of such ways is the “exposure” in which a learner comes in cont...[Read More]

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